Sardina Pilchardus

Market Name(s): Herring, Pacific Sardine, Atlantic Sardine, Rainbow Sardine, White Sardine, European Pilchard, Sprat or Brisling in Scotland, Sardinella in Spain, Sild in Norway, iwashi

Primary Source(s): Coastal Atlantic Domestic & Europe

Season: Limited

Size Range:  Up to 1 lb

Sardine hailing from the Portuguese port of Albufeira (known as Imperador Sardinha) are globally recognized as being the highest grade on Earth because they are more delicate in texture, & carry more of a pronounced flavor than western Atlantic or California specimens due to the astonishingly high oil content in both the flesh and skin. This "oil" is rich in healthful omega fatty acids and is the source of their flavor (lower fat content in some sardines and herring can actually make the fish taste dry when prepared). Both fish have large, shimmering scales that are loosely attached (and easily removed). However, when it comes to the primary culinary distinction between Sardina pilchardus - the "true" European Sardine & Domestic landings, the Portuguese Emperor Sardine tends to be more plump and meaty offering higher yields

When we think of sardines we most often think of them canned and packed in oil. The name "sardine" itself it is coined after the island of Sardinia in the Mediterranean, where they schooled abundantly and some believe we first canned there.

Cast Net, Pound, Gillnet

The traditional way to prepare both is to scale and gut the fish and grill them, preferably over charcoal or wood coals, with a bit of oil. They are also excellent when stuffed and baked, split and panfried. Some traditional European recipes call for them to be filleted and simply marinated in oil and herbs. Avoid using in soups or stews as they are simply too oily and boney. Care should be taken with fresh sardines as they are delicate fish that bruise easily and have a limited shelf life. Demand only the best!